15 Most Distinctive Branches of Engineering


  • This text opens an entire new world for aspiring engineers. There may be extra to engineering than pc science and mechanics.
  • Know a few of the most unusual engineering programs and their profession prospects.

In India, engineering is a well-liked skilled undergraduate course. The yr 2021 noticed a whooping a million engineering graduates.

What Makes Engineering so Widespread in India?

To say the least, engineering is in style due to the monetary stability and status that comes with a profession in engineering.

Additionally, the prospect to additional your training with a put up commencement in a prestigious institute in India or overseas are a few of the causes engineering is a well-liked academic selection.

Aside from this, engineering is probably the most wanted academic selection for younger college students due to the varied programs engineering has to supply.

With greater than 100 branches, college students are sure to discover a skilled engineering course that pursuits them.

It’s a skilled undergraduate course the place you will discover branches in additional than a 100 disciplines. Broadly talking, the preferred and wanted engineering programs in India are

  • Pc Science Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electronics Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronics engineering
  • Chemical engineering

Nevertheless, over the current years, engineering has diversified to incorporate extra branches that provide larger profession prospects.

The development in expertise has introduced with it newer profession prospects. Only a few years in the past, interdisciplinary branches like synthetic intelligence, robotics and nanotechnology to call a couple of, had been exceptional.

Nevertheless, with larger developments in expertise, these new branches got here to mild. On the similar time, mechanisation, automation and progressive communications has its personal draw back.

For instance, telecommunications has led to environmental hazards and medical progress has led to the issue of bio medical waste and air pollution.

Nevertheless, all shouldn’t be misplaced. These issues have additionally given rise to new profession alternatives to younger aspirants. Revolutionary concepts to deal with these new issues have given form to completely different engineering branches.

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Let’s have a look at a few of the distinctive engineering programs in India and the profession prospects beneath every of those interdisciplinary branches of engineering.

1. Petroleum Engineering

petroleum engineering

A singular engineering course is petroleum engineering. With the rising dependence on crude oil and different associated merchandise, the recognition of Petroleum engineering has picked up within the current previous.

It’s that department of engineering that offers with the manufacturing of hydrocarbons. It offers primarily with the restoration of this usable useful resource and its extraction course of from the subsurface of the earth. Petroleum engineers work in coordination with earth scientists and geologists.

Although the primary Petroleum engineering course was began within the early 1900s by the College of Pittsburgh, the recognition of the course didn’t choose up due to the restricted recruitment industries.

Nevertheless, right now, petroleum engineering, although a uncommon engineering course, has nice profession prospects.  The largest recruiters for petroleum engineers are crude oil firms throughout the globe.

There are a number of universities and faculties in India providing this department of engineering to college students.

  • Presidency College, Bangalore
  • LPU Jalandhar
  • Faculty of engineering, College of Petroleum and Engineering research, Dehradun
  • Chandigarh   College

Petroleum engineers often work in areas wealthy in oil reserves. The possibilities of working in overseas places are excessive.

This offers numerous publicity to college students who need to research and work overseas. The typical wage of petroleum engineers in India is round Rs 10,00,000 each year.

2. Agricultural Engineering

Although the identify sounds extra inclined in the direction of farming, agricultural engineering is the appliance of science for agricultural functions.

India, being primarily an agricultural nation, with extra that 56% of staff engaged in agriculture and allied actions, relies upon largely on the agricultural output for financial sustenance. Subsequently, agricultural engineering is a vital department of engineering, although a uncommon engineering course.

Agricultural engineers have a novel function that mixes the rules of mechanics, automation, electronics, meals expertise and environmental engineering to extend and enhance agricultural output and on the similar time, guaranteeing renewal of obtainable sources.

In India, the common wage of an agricultural engineer is round Rs 5,00,000 each year. With the personal sector additionally getting into the sphere of agriculture, common salaries for agriculture engineers are set to take a brand new flip and attain larger highs sooner or later.

Listed here are some faculties in India that provide undergraduate engineering programs in Agriculture.

  • Bannari Amman Institute of Expertise Erode
  • Karunya Institute of Science
  • Integral College Lucknow
  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural College

3. Nanotechnology Engineering

Nanotechnology is that department of engineering that offers with the use and conversion of nano particles like atoms and molecules for industrial functions.

Nanotechnology engineering is a promising course with shiny profession prospects sooner or later. As it’s thought of non poisonous to the setting, nanotechnology is taken into account to be the profession of the long run.

For the additional improvement of nanotechnology in India, the Authorities of India initiated the Nano Mission.

The Nano Mission is being applied by the Division of Science and Expertise, Authorities of India. The intention of the mission is the furtherance, use  and improvement of nanotechnology in varied fields.

Whereas pursuing an engineering diploma in nanotechnology, college students will probably be launched to a variety of topics together with quantum mechanics, materials science and thermo dynamics amongst different core topics.

Nanotechnology is one among the many distinctive engineering programs in India. The vast profession prospects in nanotechnology is attracting many college students within the subject of nanotechnology.

As a result of adoption of nanotechnology in virtually each subject, the demand for nanotechnology engineers has elevated over time.

Nanotechnology is being adopted in several sectors like textile, aerospace, well being care and vehicle industries. This has given rise to the necessity for nanotechnology engineers within the industries. Nanotechnology engineers are employed in each the personal and Authorities sector.

The typical wage for nanotechnology engineers is round Rs 21,00,00/- each year.

Some faculties and universities in India supply undergraduate programs in Nanotechnology engineering

  • The Vellore Institute of Expertise
  • Jamia Milia College
  • Amity Institute of Expertise

4. Genetic Engineering


Genetic engineering because the identify suggests within the manipulation or alteration of an organism’s genes. Regardless that it’s a uncommon engineering course, it’s an fascinating subject, attracting many college students yr after yr.

Genetic engineering entails the mix of a specific organism’s genes with one other. The ensuing organism is known as Genetically Modified Organism.

Curiously, genetics is now being utilized in a number of industries like agriculture, prescription drugs, analysis and meals and animal trade.

Genetic Engineering has profitable profession prospects in lots of industries. With science, expertise and mechanisation taking up a lot of the industries, genetic engineering is a course to search for sooner or later.

In India, genetic engineering has picked up tempo. Extra college students are actually taking on this course due to the intense profession prospects the undergraduate course gives. Many faculties in India gives the engineering course in Genetics

  • SRM Institute of Expertise
  • Bharath College
  • Sharada College, Noida

Genetic engineers have an annual wage package deal of round Rs 6,00,000/-

5. Environmental Engineering

As we speak, the setting is of nice concern. Although the commercial revolution has caused vital improvement, it has additionally introduced with it a downfall within the high quality of air round us.

The drastic climatic adjustments within the current previous has resulted within the enhance within the demand for environmental engineers globally.

Environmental engineers are skilled to create options for the development and safety of residing organisms in improved setting situations together with water conservation.

Environmental engineers have a novel process of defending and sustaining the earth’s environment for the good thing about human and different residing organisms.

Many universities and faculties supply distinctive programs in Environmental engineering. The course is an offshoot of civil and chemical engineering programs. The course in environmental engineering contains core topics like natural and inorganic chemistry.

  • IIT Bombay
  • Delhi Technological College
  • LD School of Engineering

Environmental engineering possibly one of many rarest engineering levels, however might be hailed as one probably the most promising engineering levels of the long run.

In India, the common wage of an environmental engineer is round Rs 4,50,000./- per yr.

International warming and different environmental hazards have elevated the demand for Environmental engineers.  A number of multinational firms, personal and authorities sector firms are using environmental engineers with a excessive pay scale.

6. Hydraulic Engineering

One other distinctive engineering course in India is hydraulic engineering. It’s that department of engineering that offers with the storage and administration of water.

It contains the design and functioning of bridges, canals and dams for the optimum use of water. The depletion of water as a pure useful resource has elevated the demand for hydraulic engineers.

Hydraulic engineers are given the duty of designing distinctive and modern water storage concepts. It additionally covers features just like the creation of varied mechanisms that result in optimum use of water.

Hydraulic engineering is a sub department of civil engineering and is extensively used throughout development of dams, tanks, canals and bridges.

Regardless that Hydraulic engineering is among the many uncommon engineering programs Its demand has considerably risen due to the current development to save lots of water, the pure useful resource of the earth.

A few of the faculties in India that provide undergraduate Bachelor of Engineering in Hydraulics are

  • IIT Kharagpur
  • NITK Suratkal
  • School of Engineering-Trivandrum

The typical wage of a hydraulics engineer per thirty days is round Rs 25,000 to 30,000 per thirty days.

The profession prospects of hydraulics engineers in India is gaining momentum. Inside a couple of years, hydraulic engineers  will probably be in demand in India and everywhere in the world.

7. Textile Engineering

textile engineer

Among the many distinctive engineering programs in India, textile engineering is likely one of the rarest engineering levels.

A textile engineer has to create new materials together with designing and constructing machines for the creation of those materials.

New kinds and developments by no means exit of vogue. It’s the process of a textile engineer to create new designs in materials for the ever altering vogue world.

Textile engineers are extensively employed within the textile trade, vogue trade and analysis trade. Aside from creating new materials, textile engineers are given the duty of constructing machines and tools for creating these materials.

The job of a textile engineer requires college students to be modern and inventive. A number of faculties in India supply B.Tech programs in Textile engineering.

  • Indian Institute of Expertise Delhi
  • Maharaja Sayajirao College Baroda
  • OPJS Faculty of engineering and expertise Rajasthan

A textile engineer in India earns an honest wage of round Rs 25,000 per thirty days.

8. Ceramic Engineering

One other distinctive engineering course is ceramic engineering. Ceramic engineering is the science of making objects from inorganic and non metallic materials.

Since ceramic materials is very warmth resistant, the urge to make use of this materials in varied industries reminiscent of electronics and transportation industries has risen.

Within the more moderen years ceramic materials has been utilized in dental work and within the manufacture of artificial bones.

The more moderen makes use of of ceramic materials has given rise to the necessity for ceramic engineers. Ceramic engineers are employed in varied sectors right now reminiscent of aerospace, bio medical, electronics and vehicle trade.

Ceramic engineers develop ceramic materials and convert into helpful merchandise for varied different industries. Ceramic engineers are in demand particularly with the event of Nanotechnology.

The typical fundamental pay of a ceramic engineer could be round Rs 5,00,000 each year.

This quantity is steadily rising yearly due to the demand for ceramic engineers.

Andhra College

Banaras Hindu College

Alagappa Institute of Expertise

9. Metallurgical Engineering

Metallurgical engineering is that department of engineering that offers with the bodily and chemical properties of metals and their permits and the extraction of those metals.

It additionally offers with refining metallic components. A metallurgical engineer transforms metals into excessive efficiency metallic supplies and alloys.

Metallurgical engineers are employed in a number of industries that use excessive efficiency metals reminiscent of vehicles, air crafts and superior coatings.

It’s one the uncommon engineering programs in India. Nevertheless, Metallurgical engineering is a vital department of engineering. Metallurgical engineers are employed in varied public sector undertakings in India.

Metallurgical engineers in India obtain a promising wage of round Rs 30,000 to Rs 40,000 per thirty days.

  • IIT Bombay
  • IIT Madras
  • Maharaja Sayajirao college Baroda

10. Power Engineering

Wind Mill

Power engineering is that department of engineering which offers with sustainable and renewable power like wind and photo voltaic power.

This department of engineering is turning into more and more in style due to the dependence on these various sources of power. Power engineers have the duty of preserving power, power effectivity and power companies.

Power engineering has a couple of specialised fields like energy engineering, nuclear engineering, photo voltaic engineering and wind engineering.

Power engineers are simply absorbed in nationwide and multinational firms. Authorities and personal power firms are looking out for certified power engineers. The Oil and Pure gasoline firms across the globe additionally make use of power engineers.

In India, a number of famend engineering faculties supply undergraduate Bachelor of Engineering levels within the subject of power engineering

  • IIT Kharagpur
  • IIT Jodhpur
  • Anna College Chennai

Power engineers are in excessive demand in India. The typical wage per thirty days of an Power engineer in India is round Rs 55,000/- per thirty days.

11. Sports activities Engineering

Sports activities Engineering, although a uncommon engineering diploma, is turning into in style among the many youth. A Sports activities Engineer has the duty of making use of rules of engineering to resolve issues associated to sports activities.

It may embrace designing sports activities tools, sportswear, growing security requirements and growing sports activities arenas and amenities for the enhancement of sports activities.

As we speak, sports activities is taken into account an essential side of training and therefore the significance of sports activities engineers has elevated over time.

College students within the subject of sports activities engineering will get themselves acquainted with calibration, product improvement, product design and analysis amongst different core actions.

In India, The Sports activities Analysis and Administration Institute in Thiruvanthapuram gives an Superior Diploma course in Sports activities engineering. The course is open to all engineers from any subject of engineering. The diploma course covers the next topics in a length of 6 months

  • Introduction to Sports activities Engineering
  • Sports activities Biomechanics
  • Sports activities facility administration
  • Origin of Sports activities and Sports activities Innovation
  • Sports activities Engineering Analysis
  • Mechanics of Sports activities Tools
  • Business linked analysis venture

12. Photonics Engineering

Photonics is using mild as a supply of power. Photonics engineering has change into a well-liked subject due to the rising dependence on various sources of power.

In India the flagship establishment The Worldwide Faculty of Photonics, situated in Cochin, has been on the helm with regards to brief time period and long run programs in furthering using Photonics.

The Indian Institute of Expertise Madras gives MTech course in RF and Photonics.

13. Motorsport Engineering

turbo charged engine

Comparatively a really new department of engineering, motorsport engineering is a really distinctive engineering course in India. This department of engineering is slowly selecting up tempo after India has change into a member of the Grand Prix.

Plenty of motorsport firms just like the Pink Rooster racing, make use of Motorsport engineering graduates. The UK is the house to motorsports and therefore motorsport engineers are simply absorbed by motorsport firms in the UK.

14. Harbour and Ocean Engineering

Harbour and Ocean engineering because the identify suggests is the engineering and analysis of port and harbour actions.

The rise in marine exercise over time has led to the event of this department of engineering. Harbour engineers are simply absorbed by oil rig firms, Nationwide Institute of Oceanography and delivery companies the world over.

There are a selection of universities and faculties that provide undergraduate programs in Harbour and Ocean engineering

Amet College

TMC Transport

15. Sound engineer

A sound engineer or audio engineer engineers the audio results of the sound methods at public gatherings and reside performances. The job profile contains acoustics, mixing and particular results. Sound engineering is a promising profession possibility in India.

  • Sound Recording and Tv Engineering
  • Zee Institute of Media Arts

The typical wage of a sound engineer per thirty days is round Rs 30,000/-


These distinctive and uncommon engineering programs in India are gaining recognition. College students are not inclined in the direction of solely pc science or civil engineering.

The rise of those new interdisciplinary alternatives in engineering have allowed college students to diversify and search careers that curiosity them.

These new engineering branches are selecting up tempo and sooner or later, these are prone to surpass present trending engineering programs. The profession prospects in these distinctive engineering programs in India have a promising future.

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